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MARRAKECH, MOROCCO: India’s quest for a UN Security Council seat got a push with the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon acknowledgings the need for the multilateral organization to reflect the changing “the voices and aspirations” at the global level. However, the outgoing UN boss lamented that countries have not been able to “agree on reasonable and acceptable formula” despite efforts over the last decade.

Countries like India have assumed leadership roles in many of the UN’s efforts, such as the climate change negotiations under the aegis o the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, yet when it comes to the sanctum sanctorum of the UN, the Security Council, India doesn’t have a place. “I know to address all these issues we need to have good institutions and mechanisms. Considering the tremendous changes that have been taking place during the last seven decades, it is only natural that UN institutions and systems including the Security Council should change, in more transparent, democratic, representative and accountable way,” said UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in an interview to ET.

Even as collaborative effort to achieve the goal of reforming the UN has not progressed, the Secretary General is proud of the gains made through multilateral action in addressing key challenges such as climate change. Indicating that time and sustained effort are essential to getting all countries to come together to find consensus, and act together. Talking about his initial efforts to get governments to act on climate change, Ban Ki-moon said, “When I first invited world leaders to a summit meeting in September 2007, they were all reading from their talking points, almost all, as time past by, they were feeling much more comfortable.”

For the South Korean diplomat-politician, the big challenges to his efforts to push on climate change came from the United States, China and India. “Trying to convince the Republicans administration of the United States was big issue, moving India and China, particularly china, was a big issue as well. Moving these three giants, let alone Russia, was a big task.”

Perhaps that is why he is not phased by US President-elect Donald Trump’s campaign threats to withdraw from the Paris Agreement or UN climate convention. “President-elect Donal Trump was able to gain his popularity, I think, based on his very successful business operations. He has been known as a successful global businessman. He is the one who knows better than anyone else about the way business should operate,” said Ban Ki-moon.

Stressing on the way businesses in the US and around the globe have been retooling and reinvesting in sustainable development, Ban Ki-moon said he was hopeful that the new US president would see how addressing climate change and sustainable development has become a movement. “I am very optimistic that Mr Trump will understand this economic situation. Now the political campaign is over, he has been elected as president of USA, and am I am sure he will act as a global leader.”

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